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As per information, municipal areas in the country generate 1, 33,760 metric tons per day of
municipal solid waste (MSW), of which only 91,152 TPD waste is collected and 25,884 TPD
treated. The Ministry has notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling)
Rules, 2000 for management of the municipal solid waste. These Rules, inter-alia, provide for
mechanisms to be set up by the Municipal Authority for management of the waste within their
jurisdiction. However, the Municipal Authorities are facing difficulties in the implementation of
these Rules. The matter was discussed with stakeholders and it has been decided to amend the
existing rules on the Municipal Solid Waste. The Ministry published the draft (Municipal Solid
Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2013 inviting comments/suggestions from the public.
The comments/ suggestions received were analyzed for the finalization of the new rules on
municipal solid waste. The emphasis is on the management of waste through a sustainable
business model which includes segregation of municipal solid waste at source, door to door
collection by involving waste collectors, processing of segregated waste into useful products
such as methane, compost, etc.
As per information available, municipal areas in the country generate 1,33,760 tons per day
(TPD) of plastic waste, of which only 9,250TPD waste is collected and recycled. The Plastic
Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 have been notified for the management of
plastic waste in the country. The Rules, inter-alia provides for waste management systems to be
established by the municipal authorities. The municipal authorities have been made responsible
for setting up, operation and coordination of the waste management system and for ensuring safe
collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing, and disposal of plastic waste.

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